- Team handball is played by seven players on a hard surface area bigger than a basketball court.
- The basic skills of running, jumping, catching and throwing are combined into a fast moving exciting game.
- Object of the game is to score more goals than your opponents by throwing the ball into their netted goal.
- Elements of basketball, soccer, hockey and water polo can all be seen in this Olympic Game that has become the second most popular game in the world.
- Court size: 20 M by 40 M.
- Court boundaries are called touchlines (sidelines) and goal lines (endlines).
- A netted goal 2 M (6') high by 3 M (10') wide) is located on each of the goal lines.
- A 6 M (19') semi-circle line in front of the goal separates the goal area. (Only goalies can legally stand in this area.)
- In Phy-Ed classes the basketball 3 point line is used for the 6 M line.
- Other markings on the court include 7 M penalty marks & the 9 M free throw lines.
- Official balls are leather and similar in construction to a small soccer ball that can be held with one hand.
- Official team handballs circumference: Men - 23" , Women - 21" (based upon differences in hand size)
DURATION OF GAME:
- 60-minute game with 30-minute halves and a 10-minute intermission
- No time outs allowed except for injuries
- Teams are allowed a total of twelve members for a game.
- Playing teams consists of seven active players (6 court players and one goalie). Remaining players are substitutes.
- Court Positions:
- 1 Goalie (See specific rules below)
- 2 Wings (Rt & Lt): Shoot from the corners
- 1 Pivot: Plays on the 6 M Circle Line (similar to the "Center" in basketball)
- 3 Backs: Usually the top scorers
- Goalie Specific Rules:
- Only player allowed in the goal area
- May play the ball w/ any part of the body (including legs & feet)
- Is not subject to the 3 step or double dribble rule inside the goal area
- May leave the goal area but then is subject to all the regular court rules
- May enter the game at any time
- Must enter from the substitution area, located on either side of the centerline at the scorer's table
- During live play a player needs to come off the court before a substitute may enter (similar to hockey substitutions)
- Coin flip determines who gets first possession of the ball
- Play begins with a "Throw-Off"
- Offensive team lines up on or behind the centerline and initiates play by passing to a teammate
- Defense players line up around their 6 M goal area line
- "Throw-Offs" initiate play for each half and are also used to resume play following a goal.
- Attempt to out-maneuver your opponents with quick passing & deception
- Take shots "flying in" from outside the goal area circle
- Use set "plays" that employ picks & screens to beat the defense & goalie
- Set up as a base on the perimeter of the goal area
- Always make the offense shoot over defensive players
- Never let an offensive player shoot uncontested at your goalie
- Concentrate on stopping the opponents top scorers
- Teams play both "Man-to-Man" and Zone defenses
- Players are allowed to run 3 steps with the ball.
- Players may hold the ball for 3 seconds before passing or advancing it in some method.
- Players may dribble the ball but are not allowed to "double dribble" (similar to basketball).
- A player may take 3 steps, dribble, and take 3 more steps before passing or shooting.
- Except for the goalie players may not play the ball below the knees.
- A Player may not pass the ball to his/her self by throwing it into the air (air dribble is illegal).
- Players are not allowed to dive for a ball that is on the ground.
- Goalies may leave the goal area to play the ball but must then abide by all the court rules.
- Violations of above rules: Opponents receive a Free Throw
- Players are allowed to use their body to block an opponent's movement & shots (modified in phy-ed classes)
- Defensive players may not push, hold, trip, or hit an opponent.
- Defensive players may not knock the ball away from an opponent's grasp.
- Offensive players may not charge into defensive players.
- Violations of above rules: Opponents receive a Free Throw
- On the touchline (sideline):
- Throw-in is taken from the spot
- Opponents must be 3M (10') away when the ball is passed in.
- Player throwing must have both feet on the line.
- On the goal line:
- Last touched by a defensive player (excluding the goalie) - Throw-in taken by the offense from the nearest corner
- Last touched by an offensive player - "Goal throw" by the goalie
- Last touched by the goalie - Goal throw by the goalie
- Balls must completely pass the goal line inside the goal to count as a score
- Goals may be scored from all formal throws (throw-ins, throw-offs, free throws, and goal throws by the goalie)
- All goals counts 1 point w/ a typical game having 50 goals scored between the 2 teams.
- Only the goalie may stand inside the goal area.
- If an offensive player is in the circle or on the line, with or without the ball, the ball is given to the opponent and a goal cannot be scored. A free throw is awarded to the defense.
- If the defense gains an "advantage" by being in the goal area, a penalty throw is awarded the attackers.
- A ball inside the goal area belongs to the goalie.
- Player are not considered to be in the goal area if they are in the air having taken off outside the 6 M line.
FREE THROWS (FT):
- FT are taken immediately without the referee touching the ball
- FT are thrown from the place the violation occurred.
- Defensive players must be 3 M (10') away from the thrower.
- The thrower must have one foot continuously in contact with the court and must throw or pass within 3 seconds.
- FT are taken for any violation not covered by the penalty throw.
- If the foul or infringement occurs between the goal line and the free throw line, a free throw is taken just outside the free throw line opposite from where the foul took place.
PENALTY THROWS (PT):
- PT are given when:
- Offensive player is fouled with a sure chance to score
- Goalie carries the ball from outside the goal area back into the goal area
- Defensive player enters the goal area to gain an advantage over an attacking player
- Defensive player intentionally plays the ball to the goalie in the goal area
- Officials follow the "advantage" or "delayed penalty" rule:
- The offensive team is allowed to continue their play until they lose possession of the ball
- Once the defense gains the ball, play is stopped and the offended team is then given the penalty shot
- Yellow Card:
- Given to a player involved in repeated personal fouls
- Referee stops play and issues a warning to that player
- 2-Minute Suspension:
- Given to a player guilty of unsportsmanlike conduct, unnecessarily rough play, continued intentional fouls, repeated rule violations, & illegal substitution
- Referee stops play and sends the player out of game for 2 min.
- The suspended player's team must play short-handed (minus one player) during the 2 min.
- Red Card:
- Given to a player receiving a third 2-minute suspension or involved in an unusual rule violation
- The player is disqualified and must leave the court and bench area
- A teammate must serve the 2-minute penalty.